Introduction

The IAWG-DDR Sub-Working group (SWG) on Gender/ HIV aims to strengthen the integration of Gender/ HIV responsiveness in ongoing DDR programmes UNDP co-chairs the SWG with UNWOMEN on gender and with UNFPA on HIV related issues. The SWG on Gender/HIV works towards achieving: i) A joint, comprehensive,  coherent and effective approach to incorporating gender and gender-based violence (GBV) as well as HIV in DDR strategies, policies and programmes by drawing on member agencies’ comparative advantages; and ii) the institutionalization of gender  and HIV into DDR work within the UN.

Led by the SWG on Gender/ HIV, the IAWG has developed policies in critical areas of DDR, HIV and Gender, including a specific module in the IDDRS on women, gender and DDR (link to the IDDRS module 5.10) as well as a module on HIV/AIDS and DDR (link to IDDRS module 5.60).

Key tasks and services

A. Tasks

The Sub-Group focuses on five core programmatic areas:

1. Policy 

Integrate gender (including GBV as relevant) & HIV guidance into DDR programming/policies/processes and ensure gender and HIV dimensions are integrated and substantively addressed within new or revised modules in the IDDRS.

2. Advocacy (rollout & dissemination)

a. Develop gender (including GBV as relevant), and HIV communication tools/kits/packages.

b. Use existing events/fora to promote gender-responsive DDR processes that efficiently address GBV and HIV issues.

3.   Capacity Development (at all levels, including UN HQ, field-based staff, national partners)

a. In line with agency priorities, build capacities (i.e. training, apprenticeship, mentoring, exchanges, etc.) in gender (including GBV as relevant) and HIV in DDR.

b. Create expert roster/pool and/or link with existing pools (national, regional, agency-specific, etc.).

4.   Knowledge Management (including monitoring & evaluation, lessons learned)

a. Gather information & document lessons learned, good practices, field experiences and action research on gender (including GBV as relevant) and HIV in DDR settings.

b. Provide regular updates on gender (including GBV as relevant) and HIV-DDR initiatives.

5.   Partnerships

a. Provide joint technical assistance to initiate and support gender-responsive HIV interventions in DDR programmes and contribute to on-site programming through the deployment of gender/ HIV experts.

B. Services

The IAWG SWG on Gender/ HIV provides multiple types of services, adjusted to respective contexts and aimed to provide support to country offices to implement policies and improve the gender responsiveness of DDR programmes (link to fact sheet on IAWG Gender/ HIV services).

1. Seed money to kick-start gender, HIV and DDR activities- the SWG on Gender/ HIV can help make resources available to serve as seed money to kick-start gender, HIV and DDR initiatives. Seed money allocation can follow joint gender, HIV and DDR assessment missions, aimed to identify specific needs or entry points. The objective is to show the relevance of such initiatives in practice, thereby catalyzing additional resources from other donors or budgets.

2. Deployment of gender and HIV experts to Country Offices- the SWG on Gender/ HIV can provide resources for the deployment of gender and HIV experts to advise on the gender and HIV responsiveness of DDR programmes. In addition, the SWG has developed partnerships with organizations specialized in gender and masculinities, such as MenEngage[1], who can make experts available to country offices upon request.

3. Review/Assessment Missions- the SWG on Gender/ HIV organize Inter-Agency missions to provide joint technical advice to country offices, kick-start specific gender/HIV responsive DDR initiatives and provide in-depth expertise (link to fact sheet on joint gender/ HIV review missions).

4. Gender and DDR training courses- the SWG on Gender/ HIV has, in close cooperation with NODEFIC, developed the first Gender and DDR training course for Senior DDR Managers, piloted in 2010. Upon request of country offices, the course is now also offered at field level, adjusted and custom made to train field staff from various UN entities, implementing organizations and national counterparts.

C.   Initiatives

A) Joint Reviews

The SWG on Gender/HIV will carry out multiple technical joint Gender/ HIV review missions aiming to:

1. Assess and provide technical support to DDR-Gender/HIV;

2. Strengthen financial capacities and identify entry points to jump-start and strengthen programming  in each visited priority  country (USD 50-100,000 per country);

3. Consolidate technical capacities and expertise by supporting DDR-HIV/Gender consultants to support on-site programming and/or to hire and train local consultant to follow -up on implementation and M&E where needed.

B) Support to DDR Programmes (Gender and HIV Seed Resources):

The SWG has agreed to make seed resources available to jump start DDR Gender/ HIV initiatives. Thus far, financial resources have been allocated to Nepal, to strengthen DDR programmes following the Gender and HIV Review, as well as in Sudan, following a request for the IAWG to fund national gender staff under the DDR/CSAC programme and Indonesia Aceh.

C) Operational DDR and HIV Study

UNFPA, UNDP and partners have launched operational research to enhance knowledge and systematically link gender and HIV-related issues in DDR programmes. This initiative will increase understanding on how to effectively develop strategies to address and respond to the HIV-related needs of those in DDR programmes. It will also identify current gaps in policy and programming related to broader reproductive health, SGBV, livelihoods, education and stigma, responding to the specific needs and behaviours of women, men, girls and boys.  Four to five operational field studies will gather evidence on these areas and propose key recommendations to strengthen programming on the ground. Where the studies are conducted, they will also aim at building capacities of programme managers and DDR practitioners to immediately address the issues identified through the research process.

D) DDR and Gender training

Challenges with respect to the implementation of available policy on gender and DDR, is related to a lack of knowledge, skills, resources and/or coordination during the planning and implementation phases. In order to address this gap, the IAWG on DDR has designed and delivered the first international training course on Gender and DDR. The course was piloted in 2010 and hosted by Norwegian Defence University College/Norwegian Defence Command and Staff College/Norwegian Defence International Centre (NODEFIC). For more information, view the trainings tab on the right side of the screen or visit the DDR Training and Events page.